Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Centralization In The Byzantine Empire History Essay

Centralization In The Byzantine Empire History Essay In his article Osmanlã„â ± Padiã… Ã… ¸ahã„â ± distributed in 1958 Halil Äâ °nalcã„â ±k composed â€Å"It was required to consent to caliph-ruler who had been structured by God to coordinate Muslims with shariaà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦Subjects needed to demonstrate outright acquiescence to the king and this relationship was comparative with connection among father and son㠢â‚ ¬Ã¢ ¦ The possibility of total and unified power and the guidelines in the association of state to appear this thought was important.†Ã¢ [ 1 ]  Georg Ostrogorsky composes the lines underneath for Byzanine heads in his book History of the Byzantine State: â€Å"The state was totally related to the Emperor and with his military and bureaucratic machine. The Emperor is picked of God, and under the assurance of Divine Providence. He is whole ace of the legislature of the Empire, president of the military, incomparable appointed authority and sole law-supplier, defender of the Church and gate keeper of the genuine faith㠢â‚ ¬Ã¢ ¦ his legal sentence is conclusive and irrevocableà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦As ace of the State the Emperor has practically speaking unlimited power.†Ã¢ [ 2 ]  To peruse just these two perceptions on the Ottoman and Eastern Roman domains together gives a significant thought as of now on the lasting connection between the two realms. However, it is important to focus on the cases of â€Å"former orientalism†, with the outflow of Halil Berktay, which recommends that the single wellspring of the Ottoman establishments was Byzantine's socio-political organization.â [ 3 ]  However, an endeavor in starting up this case ought to be careful in regards to the ultra-nationalistic inclinations which totally decline the likenesses between the two domains. In this exposition I look to break down the centralization, which was one of the significant basic angles between the Ottoman and the Byzantine realms, in the rule of Justinian. The centraliza tion strategies of Justinian, who was in the seat somewhere in the range of 527 and 565, appeared to be all the while developed through the political fracture and decentralization forms in Europe. In this way, an examination on the centralization of the rule of Justinian can make open doors for correlations between the West and the Byzantium The Mainlines of Justinian Period and the Political Centralization To comprehend centralization approaches all through the time of Justinian, it will be valuable to see mainlines of his time quickly. Justinian administered the realm two centuries later Constantine who had established the capital Constantinopleâ [ 4 ]  and was the principal head of the Eastern Roman Empire. All through two centuries the Empire attempted to get over the emergency that had demolished Europe with a base harm. Be that as it may, this emergency had influenced its political and public activity and it came to the ability to recover the western grounds after the fift h century. As indicated by Ostrogorsky, despite the fact that the offended organizations of the western and eastern sides of the Roman Empire, the thoughts of solidarity and all inclusiveness of the realm kept during the Germanic intrusions. Inside the 6th century when the Byzantine Empire arrived at the ability to embrace a functioning strategy, rather than a â€Å"passive actor†, a head went to the seat to get this thought into occurring: Justinian. It is conceivable to sum up the objective of Justinian as remaking the legacy of Roman Empire, and building up a realm inside its previous fringes as a Christian and Roman domain. For this point, the North Africa, Italy and South Spain were vanquished and the Mediterranean turned into a Byzantine lake. Notwithstanding, those wars in the west diminished the protective intensity of the Empire against Persia and all through the Danube outskirts. Along these lines, it very well may be said that while Byzantine militaries were praisi ng their triumphs in the inaccessible west, the focal point of the Empire had been ravaging.â [ 5 ]  However, these victories which were held so as to restorate the Roman Empire caused to a sensational increment in the duties and the discontentedness of individuals caused the Nika Revolt in 532. The Greens and the Blues got joined to topple the head and the revolt was generally spread and picked up quality inside a brief timeframe. In so much that a nephew of the previous ruler Anastasios was declared as the new sovereign. Nonetheless, the revolt smothered with the endeavors of Theodora, Belisarios and Narses.â [ 6 ]  It is important to make reference to that to see the monetary results of the success strategy as the main explanations behind revolt would be incorrect. Clearly, an expansion in charges was a critical factor for the revolt. Notwithstanding, the other explanation which lied behind the revolt summed up the attribute of the time of Justinian.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Cultural Diversity Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words

Social Diversity - Essay Example As the conversation highlightsâ cultural decent variety has the two advantages and openings. In this way, it tends to be said that there are various elements of social broadening. So as to manage this social decent variety and measurements, it is important to deal with the assorted workforce inside the neighborliness business, which can prompt accomplishing the corporate objectives. There are different hypotheses on social decent variety and for dealing with the social assorted variety. There are methodologies and characterized zones of approaches that are embraced by friendliness firms. From the paper it is clear thatâ the significance of social decent variety inside the accommodation business it is fundamental to examine parts of the cordiality business and social assorted variety with the assistance of investigates. Accordingly, following featured focuses, hypotheses, and systems will characterize the essentialness of social assorted variety inside the neighborliness industry.  In friendliness industry that can be known as the administration business since it manages various kinds of clients. It is an exceptionally huge industry, and it is a multi-billion dollar industry that gives most extreme opportunities to expand the benefit for every association working in this industry. Social assorted variety impacts the friendliness business and its business. With the assistance of Berger and Huntington investigate, it tends to be said that the social assorted variety is advantageous for associations in the long haul. It has been dissected that the social assorted variety is exceptionally significant in the neighborliness business since it manages worldwide clients.

Sunday, July 26, 2020

Im Going To Upload It Example

Im Going To Upload It Example Im Going To Upload It â€" Essay Example > IntroductionBacterial meningitisThe case study below is of Tatum, a two year old girl who was diagnosed with bacterial meningitis. Meningitis is a disease that is characterized by inflammation of the brain and spinal cord membranes. The disease is either caused by bacteria or virus (Kneib, 2005, p 15). This disease affects people of all ages from children to adults. When it affects children, it may hinder them form attaining their normal growth and development process. The normal growth and development that is acceptable for a child of twoyears of ageChild growth and development entails the biological and psychological changes that take place in the bodies of children since the time of birth until they reach adolescence. Rene, (2010, p 657) says that every child takes the growth and development path in a unique way but there are certain traits that are common to children at a particular stage. Some of the developments that are expected in a child of two years include the ability t o walk freely on the ground. The child can also stand in an upright position on his or her own. The child, at this stage, is always moving and grows cognitively such that she can be able to use objects for their right purposes (Rene, 2010, p 654). Children at this stage also understand the importance of language in explaining something to others (Santrock, 2008, p 411). The child is able to use negative language in expressing negative statements. The child is also able to use singulars and plurals. At two years the child is no longer a baby and can feed by himself or herself. However, the child cannot reason but does new things or learns new words every day (Kail, 2006, p. 50). The child also attains social and emotional growth and she or he is able to show signs of empathy and care. She can comfort another child who is crying and can also use physical aggression when she is frustrated. This is an indication that the child is developing their emotions (Kail, 2006, p. 54). Some fac tors such as disease can affect the normal growth and development of a child and may slow down the development process hindering it from attaining the required growth at a particular age. A disease such as meningitis can make the child unable to play, eat well or even drink. This may affect the general aspects of growth and development of a child who is affected by meningitis (Volpe, 2008, p. 114). Pathophysiology of Bacterial meningitisBacterial meningitis is caused by several types of bacteria which include Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib). Other types are Streptococcus pneumonia and Neisseria meningitides and are the most common (Klosterman, 2006, p. 22). The bacteria that commonly causes meningitis is found in the environment but can also live in the nose and the respiratory tract of human beings without causing any harm. Meningococcal meningitis is the disease that is responsible for more than half of the bacterial meningitis cases in the United States, also caused by Neis seria meningitides (Klosterman, 2006, p. 22). Bacterial meningitis is mostly common among children between the age of one month and two years. It only affects adults who are at risk factors such as those who take alcohol or those suffering nose or ear infections and those with head injuries (Bakay, Lee, 2006, p. 122). The bacteria that causes meningitis reaches the meninges through various means which include the blood stream, contact between the affected and non affected meninges, and also through the nasal cavity. Once the bacteria enter the blood stream, they travel along the subarachnoid space up to places where the barrier of brain and blood is weak such as in the choroid plexus (Routh, 2006, p. 41). Extensive inflammation therefore takes place in the subarachnoid space which is not directly due to infection of bacteria, but also as a result of the response by the immune system to the entrance of the bacteria into the central nervous system (Routh, 2006, p. 41).

Friday, May 22, 2020

The Effects Of Drug Abuse On Society Essay - 1136 Words

One thing you have in common with everyone who will ever read this paper is: you have all felt the effects of drug abuse. In other words, whether it affects an individual directly or indirectly every person has seen or felt the negative effects of drug abuse in our society. The ultimate question, is why does such an abounding amount of Americans abuse illicit drugs, and how does it affect us as a nation? Moreover, something such as this doesn t occur for without a distinct cause, there must be something occurring in our society that creates these illicit drug abusers. Correspondingly, there has been little progress in solving the issue considering that since 2002 the amount of U.S. citizens that are illicit drug users has gone from 8.3% to 9.4%. This statistic shows that as a nation we are no closer to solving this issue than we were fourteen years ago and we feel the effects of this dilemma every day. All in all, the long-reaching effects of drug abuse have or will affect our societ y, our economy, and our safety; with little hope of relief. Drug abuse actually has a significant effect on the economy. Notably, the use of drugs has a strong affects the availability of people in the workforce. Nevertheless, in 2009, the majority (67%) of current drug users aged 18 or older were employed. Furthermore, these workers are employed either full†time (48%) or part†time (19%). However, the unemployed account for 13% and the remaining 21% not in the labor force. In addition, theShow MoreRelatedDrug Abuse And Its Effects On Society1690 Words   |  7 Pagesdecision to do one thing that can change your life forever. As you may already know, drugs can be some of the best things known to mankind-they solve illnesses, provide some relief from the killer pollen levels, and even stop that annoying nasal congestion you get in the winter season. Although many people don t think about it often, drugs can be just as dangerous as they are good if too much or too many are taken. Drug abuse is a very serious problem that can often lead to serious health complicationsRead MoreDrug Abuse And Its Effect On Society Essay1167 Words   |  5 PagesProfessor Course Date Introduction A drug is a chemical substance applied into treating, diagnosing and preventing one from disease infections or a substance that is used by a person to enhance his or her physical and mental state in the perceived effect. Drugs used for different purposes and their effect depend on which cause for usage. It causes both positive and negative consequences directly to the user and in the long-run it affects the whole society or community. Drug addiction is the activity of uncontrollableRead MoreDrug Abuse And Its Effects On Society1521 Words   |  7 PagesIn American society, drugs have influenced many people and have created many downfalls within their lives. Despite the thought of harmful consequences in one’s life, drug abuse has changed an individual’s way of thinking and how their body operates. People who have participated in drug use find it difficult to stop because it leads to serious addiction. The changes in their brain control their thoughts making it challeng ing for that individual to stop using drugs. Today, drug abuse leaves a negativeRead MoreDrug Abuse And Its Effects On Society2072 Words   |  9 PagesDrug Abuse is quickly becoming a popular trend in today’s society. This trend encompasses all ages of people, as younger individuals are becoming more rapidly attracted to drug abuse. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), it is estimated that 24.6 million adults aging twelve and older suffer from addiction, which amounts to approximately 9.4% of the United States’ population. This abuse is not limited to a single class of individuals. Houchins adds that â€Å"Drug abuse affects peopleRead MorePrescription Drug Abuse And Its Effects On The Society1520 Words   |  7 Pagesfor pleasure. Abuse of prescription drugs is a huge issue in our country, although many people use them solely for medical reasons, most people do not. According to Nora D. Wolkow, M.D., â€Å"An estimated 52 million people (20 percent) of those aged 12 and older) have used prescription drugs for non-medical reasons at least once in their lifetime.† (National Institute on Drug Abuse). This is now extremely common and is only becoming a bigger problem by the day. Prescription drug abuse causes a cripplingRead MoreThe Effects Of Alcohol And Drug Abuse On People, Families, Friends And Society1013 Words   |  5 PagesThis research paper will explain why alcohol and drug abuse have a negative impact on people, families, friends and society. The abuse of alcohol and drugs knows no boundaries, it does not discriminate. It affects rich and poor, black and white, young and old. Many people don’t consider alcohol as a drug since it is â€Å"legal† after age 21, but in reality it is one of the most addictive â€Å"legal† substances on the planet. They don’t realize that they have a problem when in reality what they have is anRead MoreThe Movie The Wolf On Wall Street Essay1369 Wo rds   |  6 PagesDaring to Defy Drug Abuse If you have ever seen the movie The Wolf on Wall Street, there is no doubt you have seen the effects drugs can have. Leonardo DiCaprio portrays a high-strung stock broker reliant on a multitude of illegal drugs to keep up with his hectic life style. His addiction gets so severe that at one point in the movie, he is lying on the floor, unable to move due to the drugs’ effects on his body. Even though the movie is set in the 90’s, a decade infamous for its use of drugs, today, drugRead MoreAddiction and Society1244 Words   |  5 PagesAddiction and Society Sociology Professor Trembicki February 22, 2013 Abstract Drug addiction is a disease that damages addicts, their families, communities, the economy, and society. Addiction has a widespread reach: from dealing with unpredictable and often dangerous addicts at home to the costs incurred by society as a whole. As the population of addicts rises and the average age of an addict is younger, society is forced to deal with a pressing matter. Addiction is no longer limitedRead MoreEssay on Burn the Fuse of Drug Abuse667 Words   |  3 PagesAddiction and abuse of drugs have remained an unexplainable circumstance, even till today. A mistaken assumption is that drug abusers lack moral principles, and if given a chance or in the presence of will power, their selections could be altered. In reality, drug addiction is known as a complex disease and requires more than will power or mere good intentions to change. Due to the fact that drug addiction could change the way the brain works, with time, the brain promotes compulsive drug abuse. It is diffic ultRead More Drug Abuse in the United States Essay1044 Words   |  5 PagesDrug Abuse in the United States of America In the United States of America, we, the people value several things, some of which are freedom, expanding and taking care of our families and our financial security. We, the people, take such things for granted. We also discourage some behavior, such as crime, laziness and use of illegal drugs. Drug abuse is one of the most discouraged behaviors in our country. Use of illegal drugs is harmful to the userand all those with whom the user

Friday, May 8, 2020

Essay on Stability at Home vs. Fear in Kindred by...

Kindred by Octavia Butler has been a respected novel since its publication in 1979. In Kindred Butler provides readers with suspense until the last page. It provides readers with two definitions of a home. Home is a place where you feel safe where you have a family to come to when you are having a horrible day at work or at school. Home is a place where you share good and bad times with family and friends. A home is place of stability in your life. A home isn’t a place that you are scared to go to. A home isn’t a place filled with only negative thoughts and hopes. A home is not a place that you endured physical and mental abuse. Dana had a home of stability and a home filled with physical and mental abuse. Dana and her husband Kevin just†¦show more content†¦This time when she comes back she is saves Rufus’s room from burning down. Dana ask Rufus a series of question such as why she is here, what year it is, and why did he try to burn down his house. R ufus replies saying that he is upset that his father has sold a horse that he wanted. Dana also discovers that she is traveling back in time to save Rufus which is her great grandfather. She understands that she needs to keep him alive in order for her to live. When Dana realize what time period she is in she is frighten because it is during slavery. At this point Dana understands that she has gone back into time to experience the horrors of slavery and prejudice first hand. Dana tells Rufus that she needs to get out of his room because his father could come in his room at any moment. So, Rufus tells Dana of a little girl named Alice that lives not far from his house her mother and her are free blacks. When Dana sees them she believes that they are her ancestors. While at Alice’s house she sees physical abuse and she also endures the abuse herself. As Dana fights for her life she faints back into the present. When Dana is back at home in the present time she understands that when Rufus is in trouble and she is called to his side and when she wants to return to the present time she put her own life in jeopardy. The third time Dana goes back to Maryland Kevin goes with her. She is

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Marxism vs Functionalism Free Essays

As a sociological discipline, functionalism is counterposed to Marxism. However it shares with Marxism the importance of ‘totality’ and the corresponding view that scientific inquiry is based upon the interdependence of parts within a whole. It is important to distinguish why the Marxian use of the totality differs significantly from functionalist systems. We will write a custom essay sample on Marxism vs Functionalism or any similar topic only for you Order Now Primarily this involves the Marxian emphasis on the contradictory character of the whole and the treatment of the social totality from the perspective of its conflicts. Functionalism in contrast views society generally as a stable system and looks for the mechanisms that give it harmony – it thus seeks to reduce conflict to a residual element of the system, or view conflict from the perspective of its maintenance of the social system. Marxism was founded by Karl Marx. Marx saw society as divided into two major parts, the economic base otherwise known as the infrastructure and the super-structure. Functionalists see society as a set of parts which work together to form a whole. Functionalism is also called a consensus theory. Marxism and functionalism are similar in that they see that the way society is structured as an important part in determining the way people have relationships and behave between themselves. This is known as structural perspective. Both functionalists and Marxists believe that people are portrayed as creature within the social system. Functionalists believe that society operates to the benefit of everybody. They stress that societies continue to exist because a lot of the time there is consensus between various aspects. How to cite Marxism vs Functionalism, Papers

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

The Battle Of Antietam Essays (681 words) - American Civil War

The Battle Of Antietam The battle of Antietam Patrick Moffatt In the battle of Antietam, also known as the bloodiest battle of the Civil War, the Union forces vastly out-numbered the Confederates. The Unions inadequate commanders and generals included, Major-General George Brinton McClellan, Major-General Joseph Hooker (1Corps), Major-General Edwin V. Sumner (2 Corps), Major-General Fitz-John Porter (5 Corps), Major-general William B. Franklin (4 Corps), Major-General Ambrose E. Burnside (11 Corps), Major-General Joseph Mansfield (8 Corps), and Brigadier-General Alfred Pleasonton (Cavalry Division). The Union army was split up into 195 infantry regiments, 14 cavalry regiments and 63 batteries, which gave McClellan a total strength of approximately 87,000 men and 378 guns. Of these 2,108 men were killed, 9549 were wounded, and 753 were captured or missing. The Confederate Generals and leaders were as follows: General Robert E. Lee, Major-General Thomas J. Jackson (Jackson's Corps), Major-General James Longstreet (Longstreet's Corps), and Brigadi er-General William Pendleton (Reserve Artillery). Lee's strength only amassed to 86 regiments of infantry, 15 of cavalry and 73 batteries of artillery which gave him a total of 40,000 men and 292 guns. Of this force 1,512 men were killed, 7,816 wounded, and 1,844 captured or missing. At 2 P.M., 117 September 1862, the actual order to start the attack on Lee was given but due to delays only a desultory artillery engagement took place. Due to the delay the original plan was changed. The new plan included moving Hooker's Corps across the northern end of the creek that was farthest from the confederate's lines. With Sumner and Mansfeild standing by, McClellan launched a devastating flank assault on the left side of Lee's army. At 6 P.M., the men from Hooker's Corps crossed the creek and stumbled into Jackson's skirmish line. Thus alerting Jackson, after a small skirmish, to the presence of and movement of McClellan's right wing. Lee was ready to face McClellan even though he only had 27,000 troops deployed. Where as McClellan had 75,000 in battle array. At 6.AM. Hooker sent his 10 brigades down the Hagerstown Turnpike. Brigadier-General Lawton sent a strong fore of Rebel Infantry into the cornfield, witch laid in the path of the Union attack. From hooker's position h e could see the sun shining off the bayonets of the confederate soldiers hidden in the corn. Hooker opens fire on the soldiers with his 36 cannons as well as Mclellans heavy battery. Jackson called for more troops. In response . H. Hill sent up three of his brigades, and John Bell Hood, Who had taken the men of his demi-division out of the line to cook their first hot meal in three days, also came up to meet the Yankee onslaught. Jackson's counter attack broke like a great wave on a breakwater. The tiring soldiers of the 1 corps fell back in confusion. Amongst the attacks and counter attacks Major-General Joseph K.F. Mansfield was hit with a stray shot. Brigadier-General Alpheus Williams tock over the 8 corps. Lee then ordered Walker and McLaws from the reserves to strengthen the left flank. By this time, Jackson had stopped the Union attacks but more than half his own command was now wounded or dead. Jackson (Stonwall) watched the long blue lines of troops approaching, and hurriedly scraped together the remains of his command, and placed them behind trees and rocks. When the Union forces were no more than a few yards away from the edge of the woods, the Confeder ates popped up and delivered a devistating volley of lead shot to the Union soldiers. Then Walker and Mclaws reached the field, ensuring the collapse of Sedgwick's flank. Half of the Union's 5000 men regiment had fallen and the other half retreated. There were many other battles that made up the battle of Antietam but I have summed-up and described the basic tactics used by both sides. The battles forced Lee out of northern soil and gave the Union a victor History Essays