Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Centralization In The Byzantine Empire History Essay

Centralization In The Byzantine Empire History Essay In his article Osmanlã„â ± Padiã… Ã… ¸ahã„â ± distributed in 1958 Halil Äâ °nalcã„â ±k composed â€Å"It was required to consent to caliph-ruler who had been structured by God to coordinate Muslims with shariaà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦Subjects needed to demonstrate outright acquiescence to the king and this relationship was comparative with connection among father and son㠢â‚ ¬Ã¢ ¦ The possibility of total and unified power and the guidelines in the association of state to appear this thought was important.†Ã¢ [ 1 ]  Georg Ostrogorsky composes the lines underneath for Byzanine heads in his book History of the Byzantine State: â€Å"The state was totally related to the Emperor and with his military and bureaucratic machine. The Emperor is picked of God, and under the assurance of Divine Providence. He is whole ace of the legislature of the Empire, president of the military, incomparable appointed authority and sole law-supplier, defender of the Church and gate keeper of the genuine faith㠢â‚ ¬Ã¢ ¦ his legal sentence is conclusive and irrevocableà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦As ace of the State the Emperor has practically speaking unlimited power.†Ã¢ [ 2 ]  To peruse just these two perceptions on the Ottoman and Eastern Roman domains together gives a significant thought as of now on the lasting connection between the two realms. However, it is important to focus on the cases of â€Å"former orientalism†, with the outflow of Halil Berktay, which recommends that the single wellspring of the Ottoman establishments was Byzantine's socio-political organization.â [ 3 ]  However, an endeavor in starting up this case ought to be careful in regards to the ultra-nationalistic inclinations which totally decline the likenesses between the two domains. In this exposition I look to break down the centralization, which was one of the significant basic angles between the Ottoman and the Byzantine realms, in the rule of Justinian. The centraliza tion strategies of Justinian, who was in the seat somewhere in the range of 527 and 565, appeared to be all the while developed through the political fracture and decentralization forms in Europe. In this way, an examination on the centralization of the rule of Justinian can make open doors for correlations between the West and the Byzantium The Mainlines of Justinian Period and the Political Centralization To comprehend centralization approaches all through the time of Justinian, it will be valuable to see mainlines of his time quickly. Justinian administered the realm two centuries later Constantine who had established the capital Constantinopleâ [ 4 ]  and was the principal head of the Eastern Roman Empire. All through two centuries the Empire attempted to get over the emergency that had demolished Europe with a base harm. Be that as it may, this emergency had influenced its political and public activity and it came to the ability to recover the western grounds after the fift h century. As indicated by Ostrogorsky, despite the fact that the offended organizations of the western and eastern sides of the Roman Empire, the thoughts of solidarity and all inclusiveness of the realm kept during the Germanic intrusions. Inside the 6th century when the Byzantine Empire arrived at the ability to embrace a functioning strategy, rather than a â€Å"passive actor†, a head went to the seat to get this thought into occurring: Justinian. It is conceivable to sum up the objective of Justinian as remaking the legacy of Roman Empire, and building up a realm inside its previous fringes as a Christian and Roman domain. For this point, the North Africa, Italy and South Spain were vanquished and the Mediterranean turned into a Byzantine lake. Notwithstanding, those wars in the west diminished the protective intensity of the Empire against Persia and all through the Danube outskirts. Along these lines, it very well may be said that while Byzantine militaries were praisi ng their triumphs in the inaccessible west, the focal point of the Empire had been ravaging.â [ 5 ]  However, these victories which were held so as to restorate the Roman Empire caused to a sensational increment in the duties and the discontentedness of individuals caused the Nika Revolt in 532. The Greens and the Blues got joined to topple the head and the revolt was generally spread and picked up quality inside a brief timeframe. In so much that a nephew of the previous ruler Anastasios was declared as the new sovereign. Nonetheless, the revolt smothered with the endeavors of Theodora, Belisarios and Narses.â [ 6 ]  It is important to make reference to that to see the monetary results of the success strategy as the main explanations behind revolt would be incorrect. Clearly, an expansion in charges was a critical factor for the revolt. Notwithstanding, the other explanation which lied behind the revolt summed up the attribute of the time of Justinian.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Cultural Diversity Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words

Social Diversity - Essay Example As the conversation highlightsâ cultural decent variety has the two advantages and openings. In this way, it tends to be said that there are various elements of social broadening. So as to manage this social decent variety and measurements, it is important to deal with the assorted workforce inside the neighborliness business, which can prompt accomplishing the corporate objectives. There are different hypotheses on social decent variety and for dealing with the social assorted variety. There are methodologies and characterized zones of approaches that are embraced by friendliness firms. From the paper it is clear thatâ the significance of social decent variety inside the accommodation business it is fundamental to examine parts of the cordiality business and social assorted variety with the assistance of investigates. Accordingly, following featured focuses, hypotheses, and systems will characterize the essentialness of social assorted variety inside the neighborliness industry.  In friendliness industry that can be known as the administration business since it manages various kinds of clients. It is an exceptionally huge industry, and it is a multi-billion dollar industry that gives most extreme opportunities to expand the benefit for every association working in this industry. Social assorted variety impacts the friendliness business and its business. With the assistance of Berger and Huntington investigate, it tends to be said that the social assorted variety is advantageous for associations in the long haul. It has been dissected that the social assorted variety is exceptionally significant in the neighborliness business since it manages worldwide clients.

Sunday, July 26, 2020

Im Going To Upload It Example

Im Going To Upload It Example Im Going To Upload It â€" Essay Example > IntroductionBacterial meningitisThe case study below is of Tatum, a two year old girl who was diagnosed with bacterial meningitis. Meningitis is a disease that is characterized by inflammation of the brain and spinal cord membranes. The disease is either caused by bacteria or virus (Kneib, 2005, p 15). This disease affects people of all ages from children to adults. When it affects children, it may hinder them form attaining their normal growth and development process. The normal growth and development that is acceptable for a child of twoyears of ageChild growth and development entails the biological and psychological changes that take place in the bodies of children since the time of birth until they reach adolescence. Rene, (2010, p 657) says that every child takes the growth and development path in a unique way but there are certain traits that are common to children at a particular stage. Some of the developments that are expected in a child of two years include the ability t o walk freely on the ground. The child can also stand in an upright position on his or her own. The child, at this stage, is always moving and grows cognitively such that she can be able to use objects for their right purposes (Rene, 2010, p 654). Children at this stage also understand the importance of language in explaining something to others (Santrock, 2008, p 411). The child is able to use negative language in expressing negative statements. The child is also able to use singulars and plurals. At two years the child is no longer a baby and can feed by himself or herself. However, the child cannot reason but does new things or learns new words every day (Kail, 2006, p. 50). The child also attains social and emotional growth and she or he is able to show signs of empathy and care. She can comfort another child who is crying and can also use physical aggression when she is frustrated. This is an indication that the child is developing their emotions (Kail, 2006, p. 54). Some fac tors such as disease can affect the normal growth and development of a child and may slow down the development process hindering it from attaining the required growth at a particular age. A disease such as meningitis can make the child unable to play, eat well or even drink. This may affect the general aspects of growth and development of a child who is affected by meningitis (Volpe, 2008, p. 114). Pathophysiology of Bacterial meningitisBacterial meningitis is caused by several types of bacteria which include Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib). Other types are Streptococcus pneumonia and Neisseria meningitides and are the most common (Klosterman, 2006, p. 22). The bacteria that commonly causes meningitis is found in the environment but can also live in the nose and the respiratory tract of human beings without causing any harm. Meningococcal meningitis is the disease that is responsible for more than half of the bacterial meningitis cases in the United States, also caused by Neis seria meningitides (Klosterman, 2006, p. 22). Bacterial meningitis is mostly common among children between the age of one month and two years. It only affects adults who are at risk factors such as those who take alcohol or those suffering nose or ear infections and those with head injuries (Bakay, Lee, 2006, p. 122). The bacteria that causes meningitis reaches the meninges through various means which include the blood stream, contact between the affected and non affected meninges, and also through the nasal cavity. Once the bacteria enter the blood stream, they travel along the subarachnoid space up to places where the barrier of brain and blood is weak such as in the choroid plexus (Routh, 2006, p. 41). Extensive inflammation therefore takes place in the subarachnoid space which is not directly due to infection of bacteria, but also as a result of the response by the immune system to the entrance of the bacteria into the central nervous system (Routh, 2006, p. 41).

Friday, May 22, 2020

The Effects Of Drug Abuse On Society Essay - 1136 Words

One thing you have in common with everyone who will ever read this paper is: you have all felt the effects of drug abuse. In other words, whether it affects an individual directly or indirectly every person has seen or felt the negative effects of drug abuse in our society. The ultimate question, is why does such an abounding amount of Americans abuse illicit drugs, and how does it affect us as a nation? Moreover, something such as this doesn t occur for without a distinct cause, there must be something occurring in our society that creates these illicit drug abusers. Correspondingly, there has been little progress in solving the issue considering that since 2002 the amount of U.S. citizens that are illicit drug users has gone from 8.3% to 9.4%. This statistic shows that as a nation we are no closer to solving this issue than we were fourteen years ago and we feel the effects of this dilemma every day. All in all, the long-reaching effects of drug abuse have or will affect our societ y, our economy, and our safety; with little hope of relief. Drug abuse actually has a significant effect on the economy. Notably, the use of drugs has a strong affects the availability of people in the workforce. Nevertheless, in 2009, the majority (67%) of current drug users aged 18 or older were employed. Furthermore, these workers are employed either full†time (48%) or part†time (19%). However, the unemployed account for 13% and the remaining 21% not in the labor force. In addition, theShow MoreRelatedDrug Abuse And Its Effects On Society1690 Words   |  7 Pagesdecision to do one thing that can change your life forever. As you may already know, drugs can be some of the best things known to mankind-they solve illnesses, provide some relief from the killer pollen levels, and even stop that annoying nasal congestion you get in the winter season. Although many people don t think about it often, drugs can be just as dangerous as they are good if too much or too many are taken. Drug abuse is a very serious problem that can often lead to serious health complicationsRead MoreDrug Abuse And Its Effect On Society Essay1167 Words   |  5 PagesProfessor Course Date Introduction A drug is a chemical substance applied into treating, diagnosing and preventing one from disease infections or a substance that is used by a person to enhance his or her physical and mental state in the perceived effect. Drugs used for different purposes and their effect depend on which cause for usage. It causes both positive and negative consequences directly to the user and in the long-run it affects the whole society or community. Drug addiction is the activity of uncontrollableRead MoreDrug Abuse And Its Effects On Society1521 Words   |  7 PagesIn American society, drugs have influenced many people and have created many downfalls within their lives. Despite the thought of harmful consequences in one’s life, drug abuse has changed an individual’s way of thinking and how their body operates. People who have participated in drug use find it difficult to stop because it leads to serious addiction. The changes in their brain control their thoughts making it challeng ing for that individual to stop using drugs. Today, drug abuse leaves a negativeRead MoreDrug Abuse And Its Effects On Society2072 Words   |  9 PagesDrug Abuse is quickly becoming a popular trend in today’s society. This trend encompasses all ages of people, as younger individuals are becoming more rapidly attracted to drug abuse. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), it is estimated that 24.6 million adults aging twelve and older suffer from addiction, which amounts to approximately 9.4% of the United States’ population. This abuse is not limited to a single class of individuals. Houchins adds that â€Å"Drug abuse affects peopleRead MorePrescription Drug Abuse And Its Effects On The Society1520 Words   |  7 Pagesfor pleasure. Abuse of prescription drugs is a huge issue in our country, although many people use them solely for medical reasons, most people do not. According to Nora D. Wolkow, M.D., â€Å"An estimated 52 million people (20 percent) of those aged 12 and older) have used prescription drugs for non-medical reasons at least once in their lifetime.† (National Institute on Drug Abuse). This is now extremely common and is only becoming a bigger problem by the day. Prescription drug abuse causes a cripplingRead MoreThe Effects Of Alcohol And Drug Abuse On People, Families, Friends And Society1013 Words   |  5 PagesThis research paper will explain why alcohol and drug abuse have a negative impact on people, families, friends and society. The abuse of alcohol and drugs knows no boundaries, it does not discriminate. It affects rich and poor, black and white, young and old. Many people don’t consider alcohol as a drug since it is â€Å"legal† after age 21, but in reality it is one of the most addictive â€Å"legal† substances on the planet. They don’t realize that they have a problem when in reality what they have is anRead MoreThe Movie The Wolf On Wall Street Essay1369 Wo rds   |  6 PagesDaring to Defy Drug Abuse If you have ever seen the movie The Wolf on Wall Street, there is no doubt you have seen the effects drugs can have. Leonardo DiCaprio portrays a high-strung stock broker reliant on a multitude of illegal drugs to keep up with his hectic life style. His addiction gets so severe that at one point in the movie, he is lying on the floor, unable to move due to the drugs’ effects on his body. Even though the movie is set in the 90’s, a decade infamous for its use of drugs, today, drugRead MoreAddiction and Society1244 Words   |  5 PagesAddiction and Society Sociology Professor Trembicki February 22, 2013 Abstract Drug addiction is a disease that damages addicts, their families, communities, the economy, and society. Addiction has a widespread reach: from dealing with unpredictable and often dangerous addicts at home to the costs incurred by society as a whole. As the population of addicts rises and the average age of an addict is younger, society is forced to deal with a pressing matter. Addiction is no longer limitedRead MoreEssay on Burn the Fuse of Drug Abuse667 Words   |  3 PagesAddiction and abuse of drugs have remained an unexplainable circumstance, even till today. A mistaken assumption is that drug abusers lack moral principles, and if given a chance or in the presence of will power, their selections could be altered. In reality, drug addiction is known as a complex disease and requires more than will power or mere good intentions to change. Due to the fact that drug addiction could change the way the brain works, with time, the brain promotes compulsive drug abuse. It is diffic ultRead More Drug Abuse in the United States Essay1044 Words   |  5 PagesDrug Abuse in the United States of America In the United States of America, we, the people value several things, some of which are freedom, expanding and taking care of our families and our financial security. We, the people, take such things for granted. We also discourage some behavior, such as crime, laziness and use of illegal drugs. Drug abuse is one of the most discouraged behaviors in our country. Use of illegal drugs is harmful to the userand all those with whom the user

Friday, May 8, 2020

Essay on Stability at Home vs. Fear in Kindred by...

Kindred by Octavia Butler has been a respected novel since its publication in 1979. In Kindred Butler provides readers with suspense until the last page. It provides readers with two definitions of a home. Home is a place where you feel safe where you have a family to come to when you are having a horrible day at work or at school. Home is a place where you share good and bad times with family and friends. A home is place of stability in your life. A home isn’t a place that you are scared to go to. A home isn’t a place filled with only negative thoughts and hopes. A home is not a place that you endured physical and mental abuse. Dana had a home of stability and a home filled with physical and mental abuse. Dana and her husband Kevin just†¦show more content†¦This time when she comes back she is saves Rufus’s room from burning down. Dana ask Rufus a series of question such as why she is here, what year it is, and why did he try to burn down his house. R ufus replies saying that he is upset that his father has sold a horse that he wanted. Dana also discovers that she is traveling back in time to save Rufus which is her great grandfather. She understands that she needs to keep him alive in order for her to live. When Dana realize what time period she is in she is frighten because it is during slavery. At this point Dana understands that she has gone back into time to experience the horrors of slavery and prejudice first hand. Dana tells Rufus that she needs to get out of his room because his father could come in his room at any moment. So, Rufus tells Dana of a little girl named Alice that lives not far from his house her mother and her are free blacks. When Dana sees them she believes that they are her ancestors. While at Alice’s house she sees physical abuse and she also endures the abuse herself. As Dana fights for her life she faints back into the present. When Dana is back at home in the present time she understands that when Rufus is in trouble and she is called to his side and when she wants to return to the present time she put her own life in jeopardy. The third time Dana goes back to Maryland Kevin goes with her. She is

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Marxism vs Functionalism Free Essays

As a sociological discipline, functionalism is counterposed to Marxism. However it shares with Marxism the importance of ‘totality’ and the corresponding view that scientific inquiry is based upon the interdependence of parts within a whole. It is important to distinguish why the Marxian use of the totality differs significantly from functionalist systems. We will write a custom essay sample on Marxism vs Functionalism or any similar topic only for you Order Now Primarily this involves the Marxian emphasis on the contradictory character of the whole and the treatment of the social totality from the perspective of its conflicts. Functionalism in contrast views society generally as a stable system and looks for the mechanisms that give it harmony – it thus seeks to reduce conflict to a residual element of the system, or view conflict from the perspective of its maintenance of the social system. Marxism was founded by Karl Marx. Marx saw society as divided into two major parts, the economic base otherwise known as the infrastructure and the super-structure. Functionalists see society as a set of parts which work together to form a whole. Functionalism is also called a consensus theory. Marxism and functionalism are similar in that they see that the way society is structured as an important part in determining the way people have relationships and behave between themselves. This is known as structural perspective. Both functionalists and Marxists believe that people are portrayed as creature within the social system. Functionalists believe that society operates to the benefit of everybody. They stress that societies continue to exist because a lot of the time there is consensus between various aspects. How to cite Marxism vs Functionalism, Papers

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

The Battle Of Antietam Essays (681 words) - American Civil War

The Battle Of Antietam The battle of Antietam Patrick Moffatt In the battle of Antietam, also known as the bloodiest battle of the Civil War, the Union forces vastly out-numbered the Confederates. The Unions inadequate commanders and generals included, Major-General George Brinton McClellan, Major-General Joseph Hooker (1Corps), Major-General Edwin V. Sumner (2 Corps), Major-General Fitz-John Porter (5 Corps), Major-general William B. Franklin (4 Corps), Major-General Ambrose E. Burnside (11 Corps), Major-General Joseph Mansfield (8 Corps), and Brigadier-General Alfred Pleasonton (Cavalry Division). The Union army was split up into 195 infantry regiments, 14 cavalry regiments and 63 batteries, which gave McClellan a total strength of approximately 87,000 men and 378 guns. Of these 2,108 men were killed, 9549 were wounded, and 753 were captured or missing. The Confederate Generals and leaders were as follows: General Robert E. Lee, Major-General Thomas J. Jackson (Jackson's Corps), Major-General James Longstreet (Longstreet's Corps), and Brigadi er-General William Pendleton (Reserve Artillery). Lee's strength only amassed to 86 regiments of infantry, 15 of cavalry and 73 batteries of artillery which gave him a total of 40,000 men and 292 guns. Of this force 1,512 men were killed, 7,816 wounded, and 1,844 captured or missing. At 2 P.M., 117 September 1862, the actual order to start the attack on Lee was given but due to delays only a desultory artillery engagement took place. Due to the delay the original plan was changed. The new plan included moving Hooker's Corps across the northern end of the creek that was farthest from the confederate's lines. With Sumner and Mansfeild standing by, McClellan launched a devastating flank assault on the left side of Lee's army. At 6 P.M., the men from Hooker's Corps crossed the creek and stumbled into Jackson's skirmish line. Thus alerting Jackson, after a small skirmish, to the presence of and movement of McClellan's right wing. Lee was ready to face McClellan even though he only had 27,000 troops deployed. Where as McClellan had 75,000 in battle array. At 6.AM. Hooker sent his 10 brigades down the Hagerstown Turnpike. Brigadier-General Lawton sent a strong fore of Rebel Infantry into the cornfield, witch laid in the path of the Union attack. From hooker's position h e could see the sun shining off the bayonets of the confederate soldiers hidden in the corn. Hooker opens fire on the soldiers with his 36 cannons as well as Mclellans heavy battery. Jackson called for more troops. In response . H. Hill sent up three of his brigades, and John Bell Hood, Who had taken the men of his demi-division out of the line to cook their first hot meal in three days, also came up to meet the Yankee onslaught. Jackson's counter attack broke like a great wave on a breakwater. The tiring soldiers of the 1 corps fell back in confusion. Amongst the attacks and counter attacks Major-General Joseph K.F. Mansfield was hit with a stray shot. Brigadier-General Alpheus Williams tock over the 8 corps. Lee then ordered Walker and McLaws from the reserves to strengthen the left flank. By this time, Jackson had stopped the Union attacks but more than half his own command was now wounded or dead. Jackson (Stonwall) watched the long blue lines of troops approaching, and hurriedly scraped together the remains of his command, and placed them behind trees and rocks. When the Union forces were no more than a few yards away from the edge of the woods, the Confeder ates popped up and delivered a devistating volley of lead shot to the Union soldiers. Then Walker and Mclaws reached the field, ensuring the collapse of Sedgwick's flank. Half of the Union's 5000 men regiment had fallen and the other half retreated. There were many other battles that made up the battle of Antietam but I have summed-up and described the basic tactics used by both sides. The battles forced Lee out of northern soil and gave the Union a victor History Essays

Thursday, March 19, 2020

Drinking Milk Essays

Drinking Milk Essays Drinking Milk Essay Drinking Milk Essay Essay Topic: Salvage the Bones Introduction A: Deriving Attention Give the audience some inquiry as: 1. how many people in the audience have a wont imbibing milk for day-to-day diet? 2. are you take attention of your household or yourself by the manner imbibing milk? Why? Bacillus: Motivating The Audience: Comparing the differences between people drink milk and non. C: Establishing Credibility: give the audience some popular benefits when imbibing milk from some celebrated adept foods in the universe. Calciferol: Preview Of Main Ideas: now I will demo you bebefits of imbibing milk. it n ot merely provide alimentary for people wellness. promote good being for all people particularly with patient but besides build strong castanetss and dentitions. Body Main thought 1: Milk Supply Nutrients For People Health Milk contain more and more mineral. protein. Ca. Fe. vitamin. phosphoric and so on . harmonizing to good cognize nutrition expert Dr wendy Bazilian. writer of the superfoodrx diet and co-owner of san diego-based bazilian’s wellness clinic. Milk contains 87. 5 % of H2O. 3. 9 % milk fat. 8. 8 % solid non fat which includes protein. milk sugar. minerals and acids. enzyms and vitamins. Proteins include caseins. whey proteins. lactabumin and lactoglobulin. The chief sugar nowadays in the milk is lactose. It besides contains vitamins A. C. D and aminic acids. ? With babe: †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ ? With grownup: †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ . . ? With old people: †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ Main thought 2: Promote Well Being For All People Milk is really necessary for people. Specially. milk is really good for patient. It’s non merely supplies eough energies minerals. proteins. but besides it increase opposition and promote good being for all people. With normal people. milk plays inportance for both wellness. tegument. and bowel. With patient. it promotes good being really rapidly. For illustration. cut downing blood force per unit area and diabetes. Ca. Mg and K content in milk helps to cut down the blood force per unit area and diabetes. Reducing the hazard of colon malignant neoplastic disease. devouring at least one glass of milk per twenty-four hours cut down 15 % hazard of developing colon type of malignant neoplastic disease. And buiding enteric wellness. – In the market. there are many sorts of milk. It is non merely suited with many sorts of diseases but besides promote good being for people. For illustration with patient. they need more foods to better the wellness but possibly they can non eat some foods nutrient because it containt some affair that non good for their diseases. Milk will assist them to provide every necessary foods. it can alternatively of the day-to-day diet. -As you know the popular milk for pateint as guarantee. . . . †¦ Main thought 3: Milk Buids Strong Bones And Teeth. Harmonizing to nutrition expert Bazililan. there are 99 % of organic structure is calcium is stored and 100s of surveies have shown that Ca in milk aid better bone densty. balance of other foods that have been proven to buid castanetss and dentitions every bit good as promote the healthy map of blood usels. More milk-stronger castanetss. as it contains abundant Ca. Calcium besides acids in muscular and circulative map. prevents osteoporosis†¦ Fighting pits: protein. Ca. phosphoric content in the milk merchandises the tooth enamel. stimulates saliva production. and neutralizes nutrient acids. – Milk containt†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦supply †¦ % Ca per twenty-four hours for health†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ . – Arcording to surveies show that: per centum peole imbibing milk are unrecorded more length of service than people don’t imbibing milk. In modern life. people imbibing milk keep approximative 85 % . It show that the inportant of imbibing milk in life. ( So imbibing milk is the convinience. rapidly. salvage money for modern life. Decision A: Signing The Ending: I’m traveling to the coating this subject. Bacillus: prevue of chief points: I found it really convinience and good for us if imbibing milk everyday. It supply foods for people wellness. promote good being for all people. and buid strong castanetss and dentitions. Degree centigrade: Mention To Introduction Give some web adress a turn consequence of milk with healthy to audience D: Ending With Impact Change your wont by the manner drink milk everyday. you can alter your wellness more and more strong and immature. your life will more quality because it forestall your wellness out of some difficult diseases in the hereafter.

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

Surrealist Cover Design -- Interviewing Jeff Huang

Surrealist Cover Design Interviewing Jeff Huang Surrealist Cover Design Interviewing Jeff Huang â€Å"I am fascinated by the idea of the subconscious bleeding into the conscious world†Ã‚  Ã‚  At Reedsy, we like to take some pride in the people we have been able to attract. Our vision was to create a community of truly great freelance talent and make it available for authors. Every day, as more great editors, proofreaders, designers and artists are added, we are getting a little closer to making this vision a reality.Today, we have the honor of interviewing one of our very best artists. Whether it’s for Stephen King, Sara Raasch, Nintendo or himself, his work is instantly recognisable by its surrealist inspiration: a provocative play with images that blend and blur reality.â€Å"Covers don’t sell books†? You’re wrong. His covers do.Would you consider yourself a neo-surrealist? At Reedsy, we’re big fans of painters like Dali, De Chirico or even Magritte, and have immediately been drawn to your art because of that. Do you take your inspira tion from them? I don’t know if I consider myself a neo-surrealist so to speak†¦ I do consider myself a multidisciplinary artist who takes inspiration from many things. I am fascinated by the idea of the subconscious bleeding into the conscious world, so I explored that idea in some of my signature works. Dali is my favorite fine artist of all time, followed by Magritte - I just absolutely love their imagination. Jeff Huang’s imagery for Stephen King’s â€Å"The Dome†Ã‚  Ã‚  Visit Jeff Huang’s profile on Reedsy  and follow him on Twitter: @TheFifthOrderDo you think Jeff overestimates the selling power of exceptional cover design? Does the emergence of independent publishing endanger the quality of graphic art on book covers and illustrations? Leave us your thoughts, or any question for Jeff, in the comments below!Find out more  about book cover design, book layout design or illustration  on Reedsy on our design homepage.

Sunday, February 16, 2020

The great depression Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

The great depression - Research Paper Example The depression drastically changed living standards worldwide as people suffered losses of wealth and regular income. However, the depression initiated several policy responses to change the economic downturn. The period also witnessed the growth of the labor unions and various welfare schemes were introduced by the US government to cater for the unemployed. Several key government regulations and policies were also introduced to counteract the effect of the depression. Some of these policies did not help in improving the situation and contributed to a slower recovery period. It was only after the World War II that the country’s economy was back on the recovery track with increases in consumer spending and rises in employment (Romer; Smiley). The great depression caused huge declines employment, industrial production and growth and deflation in all countries worldwide. Beginning in the United States in the summer of 1929, the effect of the depression spread far and wide across many countries in Europe and Latin America and in Japan. The depression worsened during late 1929 and lasted up to 1933. During this period the industrial production in America declined by 47 percent and the GDP reduced by 30 percent. The wholesale price index or the deflation rate slumped by 33 percent and the unemployment rate increased by 20 percent (Romer). Several causes have been attributed to have caused the great depression. Monetary contractions by the Federal Reserve and a general decline in consumer spending are considered to be principle causes that initiated the depression. The stock market grew explosively during the 1920’s with the stock prices reaching its peak in 1929. In order to curb this rapid rise in stock prices the Fed eral Reserve increased the interest rates which caused the initial decline in consumer spending. This was followed by a gradual decline in stock prices which eventually led to rapid selling as investors began to lose

Sunday, February 2, 2020

Education Assesment Plan Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Education Assesment Plan - Essay Example Learners who are able to read letter A to Z, A to L and A to G without errors are assigned grade 3, 2 and 1respectivelty. Since the students involved are at lower level the issue of time needed to complete is task is a major constraint. Besides, the entry behavior of the students and question of whether to inform the students about the standard for awarding score provides a big challenge. However, the assessment plan adheres to various principles of evaluation and hence suitable for assessing performance level. A school as an agent of social change is accountable to the community. The society expects a school to provide quality education that meets both the individual and national demands. One instrument available for establishing whether a school responds to this goal is through assessment. An assessment refers to the process of gathering, scrutinizing, analyzing, giving meaning to both qualitative and quantitative data and presenting a report about a particular area of study. The r eport acts as basis for formulating policies at school and national level. Moreover, it gauges the level of achievement of learning objectives. A teacher may choose to assess student continuously in class (formative assessment) or administer a test at the end of the term (summative assessment). Although, one type of assessment may be preferred over the other, an assessment as whole is an integral part of learning process. Therefore, the process of evaluation must not fall below standard. The process can be improved by planning the entire assessment process. An assessment plan is scheme detailing objectives, context, content, task and time of assessment. For any assessment to achieve its intended goals, it must be valid. This means it must test whatever it meant to evaluate without ambiguity (Morrow et al, 2006). Consequently, the assessment should relate to the content or curriculum. The study of alphabets is key requirement in the learning of language. It is the foundation of word formation. The assessment correctly tests this area by letting the students recite the alphabet from A to Z and assign specific words to each letter. Therefore, the assessment is meaningful. The test captures all aspects of the content such as recitation, sequencing and word building. Moreover, the mental complexity of the student is tested by asking students to identify the missing letters in a sequence. A apart from validity, an assessment should also be reliable. A reliable assessment is one which is consistent and produces similar results if it was repeated. As a result, a student should get almost same score if the assessment was done again (Maureen, 2006). This assessment is done under same condition and instruction. Each student is expected to perform same task of reciting the alphabets. Therefore, no significant variation in the performance of student is expected if the test was repeated because the instructions are clear. Again, the students are given tasks with same level of difficulty irrespective of their cognitive abilities. A student who is able to recite all alphabets is expected to fill the missing alphabets in a sequence. This demonstrates high level of internal consistency. The students are given time to perform the tasks and demonstrate their skills and abilities. In addition, they have been given an opportunity to grade themselves. The students should be made aware of the assessment criteria before commencing a test

Saturday, January 25, 2020

Estate Management Essays Professional Codes Of Conduct

Estate Management Essays Professional Codes Of Conduct Critically discuss the contribution which codes of conduct issued by professional bodies such as RICS can make to the behaviour and conduct of their members who are either employees in privatepractice or employees in organisations. Individually and,in association, collectively, the professions strike a bargain with societyin which they exchange competence and integrity against the trust of client andcommunity, relative freedom from lay supervision and interference, protectionagainst unqualified competition as well as substantial remuneration and highersocial status. Professional codes of conduct, when rigorouslycommunicated and enforced, contribute substantially to the proper behaviour andconduct of members of the organisations which issue them. Rueschemeyers introductoryreference (1983, cited in Eraut, 1994) to the bargain that professional organisationsstrike with society furnishes a context for critically evaluating the conceptof professional codes of conduct which can be considered to at least partiallyformalize the bargain with society as well as the effects of these codes onthe behaviour and conduct of members of professional organisations who areengaged in private practice or who are employees of other organisations. To establish afoundation for the analysis, the professional organisation will be compared andcontrasted with other types of organisations, and the concept of codes ofconduct will be explored. The focus will then shift to a discussion of theeffects of codes of conduct issued by professional organisations on memberbehaviour. Finally, conclusions will be presented. The Professional Organisation: Comparisonand Contrast with Other Organisations Robbins(1998) defines an organisation as: A consciously coordinated socialunit, composed of two or more people, that functions on a relatively continuousbasis to achieve a common goal or set of goals. Daft (1998) describes organisations as (1) social entities that (2) are goal directed, (3) aredesigned as deliberately structured and coordinated activity systems, and (4)are linked to the external environment. Organisations are formed for a varietyof reasons including those that are started for public and private purposes,for pursuing business and social goals, and for profit or non-profit results. A professionalbody meets the criteria for an organisation as identified by Robbins andDaft. The professional body is a specific type of organisation, usually non-profit, that exists to further aparticular profession, to protect both the public interest and the interests ofprofessionals (LaborLawTalk.com, n.d.). The ASEP Newsletter (1998) claimsthat professional organisations are formed and exist for the purpose ofrepresenting the profession, adding that this type of organisation consistssolely of members who are, or intend to be, working in the profession, or havebeen allowed special membership status. A fuller description of these types of organisations is offered by the Canadian Security Administrators (2004), which states in this quoted extract that a professional body: .  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  admits members primarily on the basis of their educationalqualifications; .  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  requires its members to comply with the professional standards ofcompetence and ethics prescribed by the organisation; and .  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  has disciplinary powers, including the power to suspend or expel amember. Theconcept of profession is important to the understanding of professionalorganisations. A profession can be described in terms of its features whichinclude representation by a professional organisation, adherence toprofessional ethics and standards, and self-regulation of such functions aseducation, training, and certification or licensure in the profession. (ASEPNewsletter, 1998). Professions are generally identified by occupationalgroup (e.g. doctors, attorneys, surveyors, nurses, consultants, writers, lawenforcement officers). Membership in a professional organisation is often arequirement to legally practice in the profession (LaborLawTalk.com, n.d.). Aprofessional body differs from other types of organisations in that most othersare comprised of members from a variety of professions. These memberscoordinate their individual competencies to achieve an organisations ends. Asingle organisation may have as its members people from such diverseprofessions as doctors, lawyers, clerks, labourers, and engineers. Thisarrangement is certainly necessary, but it has one drawback. A typical organisation is very insular with regard to specific professions. For example, engineers may only interact with other engineers within the organisation. They have little opportunity to exchange knowledge about their profession with engineers in other organisations. On the other hand, a typical professional body, through its focus on a single profession, provides a forum for this type of exchange. One ofthe many professional bodies is the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors(RICS) which promotes itself as the largest organisation for professionals inproperty, land, construction, and related environmental issues worldwide withthe purpose of promoting best practices, regulation and consumer protection tothe public and to businesses. RICS, which claims 110,000 members worldwide, isthe leading source of property related knowledge, providing independent,impartial advice to governments and global organisations. (RICS Rules ofConduct, 2004) Codes of Conduct: The Concept Codes of conduct in professional organisationsprovide a type of social control of expertise, according to Eraut (1994). Thesecodes help to protect clients against incompetence, carelessness, andexploitation. Eraut traces codes of conduct to nineteenth century Britain andthe United States where, at the time, government control was not adequatelyprotecting clients. He claims that experts agreed that a measure of controlmust be vested in the professionals themselves to be effective and, thus, theprofessional organisation was born. A Code ofConduct is a written guide that says how people should behave. It setsstandards of behaviour it says what you should do and should not do. (Crime andMisconduct Commission, n.d.) Organisations establish codes of conduct tocorrect errors of personal equation, according to Miner (2002). Shafritz(1998) describes the term code of conduct through its component words: code,which he defines as laws, regulations, rules, standards, statutes, and conduct,which he defines as bearing, behaviour, demeaneor, and deportment. His fulldefinition for code of conduct is a: specifically identified list of behaviorsthat [has] been deemed appropriate or inappropriate enough to have beenincorporated into either laws or regulations or policy statements. He addsthat a code of conduct narrowly defines what one is to do in a given positionor set of circumstances. The term code of conduct isfrequently used interchangeably with the term code of ethics, but thetwo have different meanings according to Shafritz (1998). Codes of conductoffer specific directions on behaviours expected under various conditions;codes of ethics furnish a set of aspirational standards by which to live andwork. Codes of ethics are designed to inspire. Codes of conduct are designedto require. Organisations that have instituted codes of conduct include for-profit businesses, industry groups, unions, special interest groups, government agencies, schools and universities, and professional bodies. Not unexpectedly, a code of conduct for a professional body outlines the acceptable or desirable behaviours and practices of a particular profession such as doctors, pharmacists, lawyers, and ethicists (EthicsScan Canada Ltd., n.d.). Steadman et al. (1994, cited inEraut, 1994), identified four sets of values affecting conduct: legal values,values of the profession, values of individual professionals, and (foremployees of organisations) values of the employing organisations. The firm Deloitteand Touche (2003) offers comprehensive guidance for developing codes ofconduct. In stating that there is no pre-packaged verbiage for a code ofconduct, the firm suggests that it be written in positive, rather than negativeterms, to help promote positive reception by the intended audience and thus amore like positive outcome in terms of conduct. The code of conduct should: .  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  employ simple language, be concise, and be readily understood; .  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  not be written in legalistic terms but, rather, in terms ofexpected behaviours; .  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  apply to everyone in the organisation; and .  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  be revised as needed to reflect changes. Deloitte Touche recommends more than fifty topics that may be included in codes ofconduct. Some of these that may particularly applicable to codes of conduct forprofessional organisations include client service, confidentiality, compliancewith professional standards, independence, conflicts of interest, licensure,fraud, personal conduct, and privacy. In addition, and importantly, the firmrecommends that, in addition to stating expected behaviours, codes of conductshould include enforcement and implementation mechanisms that address thenotion of accountability and discipline for unacceptable behaviour. The RICS,which was highlighted earlier, has a comprehensive, 56-page code of conductcontaining many of the topics recommended by Deloitte Touche withsections focused on personal and professional standards, conduct ofprofessional activities and business, practice details and co-operation,conflicts of interest, impartiality, and independence (Royal Institution ofChartered Surveyors Rules of Conduct, 2004). In addition, and as suggested by Deloitte Touche, the RICS has issued a 28-page supplement to the code of conduct specifying disciplinary rules. These rules state the constitution of disciplinary bodies, possible contraventions (initial processes, rights, and powers), and powers of disciplinary bodies. (Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors, Disciplinary Rules, 2004). Professional Codes of Conduct: Effects onMember Behaviour and Conduct Lindsay, Irvine, and Lindsay (1996, citedin Messick, 1999) write: failure to seriouslymonitor, measure and reward (punish) the performance of individuals on theethical plane will leave codes of conduct operating in a vacuum, of littleuse in actually promoting ethical behavior. But what mechanisms take place in shaping thedesired behaviours of members of professional organisations? Operantconditioning and social learning theories help to explain how codes of conductcan help in encouraging desired behaviours. Operantconditioning, which contends that behaviour is a function of theconsequences of the behaviour, suggests that desired voluntary behaviour leadsto a reward or prevents a punishment; in social learning peoplelearnthrough observation and direct experience (Robbins, 1998). Codes of conduct,by specifying the desired behaviours as well as associated rewards andpunishment, guide those affected into behaving as desired (operant conditioning).The enforcement of the code of conduct against those who violate its rules, andthe publicity of the consequences, serves as a model to others on properbehaviour (social learning). Reinforcement is essential to obtainingdesired behaviours. There are four reinforcement methods available to shapedesired behaviours through reinforcement: positive reinforcement, negativereinforcement, punishment, and extinction (Robbins, 1998): .  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  positive reinforcement involves following abehaviour with something positive; .  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  negative reinforcement involves terminatingor withdrawing something unpleasant; .  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  punishment involves creating anunpleasant condition to eliminate an undesirable behaviour; and .  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  extinction involves eliminating areinforcement that maintains a behaviour. These reinforcementmethods can be applied by professional bodies in encouraging desired behavioursamong their members. For instance, an organisation could offer annualrecognition to those members who have exhibited highly-desirable behaviours(positive reinforcement). The organisation could impose, then later withdraw, asanction against a member who violated a minor rule (negative reinforcement).The organisation could expel a member who flagrantly violated a major rule(punishment). And, finally, a professional organisation could cease referringpotential clients to members who have violated conduct rules (extinction). In addition to enforcement, a code ofconduct must be rigorously promoted to be effective lest it becomes justanother dust-collecting document on the shelves of those for whom thebehavioural messages are directed. Over time, if conduct rules are not rigorouslypromoted, the expected behaviours can become less and less important in makingdaily decisions on proper behaviour. EthicsScan Canada Ltd. (n.d.) recommendsthat codes of conduct be promoted continuously. For example, members should be required to acknowledge annually, in writing, that they have read and understand the code of conduct. A suggested method for promoting a code of conduct involves discussing it as part of annual performance appraisals or scheduled meetings. These meetings might include introducing case studies followed by discussions of proper behaviour and problems that might occur. Members of professional bodies can beself-employed or employees of other organisations. Whilst codes of conduct mayserve as the sole behavioural guidance for self-employed professionals inprivate practice, employees of other organisations may be subject to two setsof conduct codes one presented by the professional body and one by theiremploying organisations. When the conduct specified in these codes is aligned,employees typically will not experience conflict; however, when the employeesexpected conduct as required by their employers differs from that expected bytheir professional bodies, a conflict exists and employees face potentialdilemmas. For instance, in some cases, professional organisations sanction members who do not adhere to their professional codes of ethics, yet the same members face disciplinary action from their employers if they should disclose information about a breach of public interest (Guy, 1990, citing Dozier and Miceli 1985; Archer, 1986). This dilemma could result in an employee deciding to violate either the rules of his or her employer or those of the professional body. To aid employees facing this type of dilemma, both the employer and professional body should have experts available for consultation. Conclusion Properly written, promoted, and enforced,codes of conduct can be powerful tools in helping to ensure desired behavioursfrom members of professional bodies. Nevertheless, whilst beneficial, codes ofconduct cannot be viewed as a total solution for ensuring the proper behaviourof members of professional organisations. Shafritz (1998) writes: Codes of conductdo not represent professional assurancesabout high moral standards. Rather, they provide direction to those whoseconduct they govern. Codes of conduct are minimalistic prohibitions againstunquestionably subversive or criminal acts. The primary benefit of codes ofconduct lies in augmenting government laws and regulations in promoting desiredbehaviours in the professions. In closing, it may be that professional organisationsare in the fore among organisations in terms of success with codes of conduct.According to Miner (2002), [b]usiness can well learnfrom the professions when it comes to maintaining standards. Professionalbodies seem to take quite seriously the role they serve in ensuring thatclients of professional bodies are protected against incompetence,carelessness, and exploitation. References Archer,Lawrence (1986) The moral minority. Canadian Business 59:56-59, 1986.Cited in Guy, 1990. ASEPNewsletter (1998)What is a profession? March 1998. CanadianSecurities Administrators (2004) Acceptance ofcertain foreign professional boards as a professional organisation, January 19, 2004. Crime andMisconduct Commission (n.d.) Developing a code of conduct. Availablefrom: http://www.cmc.qld.gov.au/OTRT8.html[Accessed: August 5, 2005]. Daft,Richard L. (1998) Organisation theory and design. Cincinnati, Ohio:South-Western College Publishing, 1998. Deloitte Touche (2003) Guidelines for writing a code of ethics/conduct.Deloitte Touche Corporate Governance Services, 2003. Dozier,Janelle Brinker and Miceli, Marcia P. (1985) Potential predictors ofwhistle-blowing: A prosocial behavior perspective. Academy of ManagementReview 10:823-36. Cited in Guy, 1990. Eraut, Michael(1994) Developing professional knowledge and competence. London: FalmerPress, 1994. EthicsScanCanada Ltd. (n.d.) What is a code of professionalconduct? Available from: http://www.ethicscan.ca/resource_centre/faqs/page05.html[Accessed: August 5, 2005]. Guy,Mary E. (1990) Ethical decision making in everyday work situations.Westport, Connecticut: Quorum Books, 1990. LaborLawTalk.com(n.d.) Professional body or professional organisation. Available from: http://encyclopedia.laborlawtalk.com/professional_organisation[Accessed: August 4, 2005]. Lindsay, R. M., Irvine, V. B., and Lindsay, L. M. (1996)Instilling ethical behavior in organisations: A survey ofCanadian companies. Journal of Business Ethics, 15: 393-407, 1996.Cited in Messick, 1999. Messick,David M. (1999) Sanctioning systems, decision frames, and cooperation. AdministrativeScience Quarterly, December 1, 1999. Miner, JohnB. (2002) Organisational behaviour: Foundations, theories, and analyses.New York: Oxford University Press, 2002. Robbins,Stephen P. (1998) Organisational behavior: concepts, controversies,applications. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall International,Inc., 1998. RoyalInstitution of Chartered Surveyors (2004) Disciplinary rules. London:RICS, 2004. RoyalInstitution of Chartered Surveyors (2004) Rules of conduct. London:RICS, 2004. Rueschemeyer,D. (1983) Professional autonomy and the social control of expertise, inDingwall, R. and Lewis, P., eds. The Sociology of the Professions: Lawyers,Doctors and Others. London: Macmillan, 1983. Cited in Eraut, 1994. Shafritz,Jay M. (1998) International encyclopedia of publicpolicy and administration: A-C. Volume 1.Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1998. Steadman,S. et al. (1994) Ethics in occupational standards and S/NVQs. Researchand Development Report. Sheffield: Employment Department, Methods StrategyUnit, 1994. Cited in Eraut, 1994.

Friday, January 17, 2020

Unique Challenges of International Staffing

HR managers are responsible for staffing operations globally. There are three main ways of staffing internationally. First, the company can send people from its home country. These employees are often referred to as expatriates, or home-country nationals. Second, it can hire host-country nationals, natives of the host country, to do the managing. Third, it can hire third-country nationals, natives of a country other than the home country or the host country. Expatriates cost companies, on average, $1 million over a three year period. This can be three to five times what a domestic assignment cost.This is very costly for the company and a disadvantage for a company. There has been a trend with companies in the recent years to send expatriates for only two – twelve months. There are three main advantages to this: 1. Hiring local citizens is generally less costly than relocating expatriates. 2. Since local governments usually want good jobs for their citizens, foreign employers m ay be required to hire locally. 3. Most customers want to do business with companies (and people) they perceive to be local versus foreign. HR departments must also be aware of cultural, political, and legal environments when recruiting internationally.Also, HR manager’s need to make sure that work permits and visas are applied for early in the relocation process. There are so many aspects of hiring abroad that it is nearly impossible to be perfect at making all the arrangements, especially the language barrier to overcome. Also, finding ones with core skills for the assignments is very hard. Training ones to have these skills can take a longer time than it should at times. Hiring local citizens with certain qualifications could be very difficult especially if it is in a poor country that is not used to working with certain qualifications.

Thursday, January 9, 2020

Were The Whitewater Hearings A Persecution By Republicans...

Argument Were the Whitewater Hearings a persecution by Republicans or a justified inquiry? Abstract I did not have sexual relations with that woman. was one of Bill Clinton’s famous political one-liners. In the past decade, many people have made it their mission to prosecute Democratic President William Jefferson â€Å"Bill† Clinton for committing real estate fraud known as the Whitewater scandal and his involvement in numerous illicit sex scandals like the Paula Jones lawsuit and the Monica Lewinsky lawsuit to name a few. The significance of the Whitewater trials and the impeachment of the president is that it served as an example for future presidents and assured the people that the president is subjected to the law, not above it. If he†¦show more content†¦Paragraph one The Whitewater Scandal was a fraudulent land scheme involving the former Governor of Arkansas, William Jefferson Bill Clinton and his wife Hilary Rodham Clinton who partner with Susan and Jim McDougal to purchased land worth $203,000 with the intention of building vacation homes. It was called the Whitewater Development Corp. In 1982, their venture unfortunately failed and Clinton brought a small saving and loans association: Madison Guaranty. This eventually raised suspicions, which led federal regulators to question Madison Guaranty’s financial stability and lending practices. It is important to remember the alleged wrongdoing all occurred before Clinton was elected president in 1992, but the investigation continued into the presidents’ second term in office in 1996. Even though the Whitewater Development failed financially, neither President Clinton nor Hilary Clinton were able to pocket any profit. Once Bill Clinton announced that he was running for president, the n ational media began investigating Clinton (Gormley, Ken). The national media discovered that the Whitewater Development associated the Clintons in dealings that were questionable to the extent of corruption through illegal loans. Further investigation revealed that Clinton was also abusing his powers in the office by pressuring women to interact in sexual activities with him. From the Republicans perspective, the impeachment of Clinton exacerbated the

Wednesday, January 1, 2020

Consequentialist and Non-consequentialist Theories

We have learned about different kinds of theories, consequentialist and non-consequentialist we are going to see if these theories are accountable for its principles in terms of the standard ethical principles such as truth telling, generosity, misconduct, keeping promises, not offending people, etc. To me not all these theories are not 100% perfect and does not fully account for its principles. Consequentialist: Focuses on the result of an action. The act is considered a good act if the result is good, likewise and act is considered bad if the result produced is bad. Under the consequentialist theory, we have Egoism and Utilitarianism. Egoism: is a theory of ethics that focuses on achieving goals that benefit or brings pleasure or greatest good to oneself. In other words it focuses on self-interest, however egoism is opposite to Altruism, which is not strictly based on self-interest, but also includes the interest of others. There are two kinds of Egoism; Ethical Egoism, Psychological Egoism. Ethical Egoism is a normative claim; it believes that individuals should always in their best interest. Another view of ethical egoism is that a person should act according to his own self-interest even if it goes against the values and beliefs of others. Psychological Egoism is a descriptive claim that humans by nature are selfish and their actions are motivated by some kind of selfish desire (Kay, 1997) . I believe Egoism does not account for its principles because it focusesShow MoreRelatedEssay on Immanuel Kant’s Non- consequentialist Ethical Theory 1369 Words   |  6 Pagesconsideration and not be based upon the effects of what such actions may produce such as the case in the consequentialist theory of cause. 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